Acid soils of eastern India
Soil health mapping of 37,500 samples from farmers’ fields across 30 districts of India’s state of Odisha found over 90% soils to be acidic and over 80% deficient in boron.
Redress: Over 4,000 soil test-based nutrient management demonstrations were conducted and crop-specific nutrient doses prescribed to build healthier soils.Partners
Government of Odisha and non-governmental organizations.
Restoring degraded lands, improving livelihoods in Niger
Impoverished soils are the bane of the African Sahel.
Redress: A combination of soil and water conservation technologies, fencing, farmer associations, sharing of plots with women and training on cropping enabled 11,970 women in 197 villages in Niger to reclaim 175 ha of degraded land, earning them revenue ranging from US$ 1,800 - 4,420/ha, about 9 to 22 times more than the traditional system.Partners
- INRAN, PRODAF, ONG-REFORME, INERA, REGIS-ER
Bado BV and Bationo A. (2018). Integrated Management of Soil Fertility and Land Resources in Sub-Saharan Africa: Involving Local Communities. Advances in Agronomy (TSI), 150. pp. 1-33. ISSN 00652113Related report
Game of slopes in Eastern Africa
Why does land fertility response to fertilizer input vary in any given area in the highlands of Ethiopia resulting in significant yield differences?
Redress: Studies revealed fertilizer response decreases with increasing slope due to decrease in soil organic carbon, clay and soil water content. Yield on foot slopes are up to three times higher than that on hillslopes.Partners
- GIZ-ISFM+ Ethiopia, Africa RISING-Feed the Future and Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research.
Photo: S Punna, ICRISAT
Soils are the foundation of a healthy food system. Decreasing availability of land for agriculture makes it important to ensure its optimum utilization. Continual land degradation needs to be halted and reversed with holistic integrated land management strategies for healthier crops and heathier foods.
Our approaches include creating sustainable soil conservation models for adoption; facilitating a movement among communities to sustain and generate greater impact; practicing in-situ and ex-situ soil conservation for greater sustainability and rehabilitating degraded lands through multi-pronged methods
"Breaking the vicious circle of poverty, poor soils, low inputs and soil degradation that farmers are trapped in is a challenge. Right from the paradigm of “external input” of the 1960s and 1970s to the latest concept of integrated soil fertility management, most approaches remain crop oriented or livestock oriented, with less attention to local communities themselves, which are at the heart of land resource management. New integrated and participative approaches that rope in the socio-economic conditions of rural communities in global strategies to manage crop-livestock systems and land resources including rangelands are needed."
For more information
Chander G, Wani SP, Gopalakrishnan S, Mahapatra A, Chaudhury S, Pawar CS, Kaushal M and Rao AVRK. (2018). Microbial consortium culture and vermi-composting technologies for recycling on-farm wastes and food production. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture. pp. 1-10. ISSN 2195-3228
Thomas R, Reed M, Clifton K, Appadurai N, Mills A, Zucca C, Kodsi E, Sircely J, Haddad F, Hagen C, Mapedza E, Woldearegay K, Shalander K, Bellon M, Le Q, Mabikke S, Alexander S, Leu S, Schlingloff S, Lala-Pritchard T, Mares V and Quiroz R. (2018). A framework for scaling sustainable land management options. Land Degradation & Development (TSI). pp. 1-13. ISSN 10853278
Wani SP, Chander G and Pardhasaradhi G. (2018). Soil Amendments for Sustainable Intensification. In: Soil Amendments for Sustainability: Challenges and Perspectives. Taylor & Francis, pp. 3-17. ISBN 9780815370772 (Book Chapter)
Wani SP and Patil MD. (2018). Securing soils through people-centric watershed management for sustainable agricultural development. In: A Better World. Volume 4. Actions and commitments to the Sustainable Development Goals. Tudor Rose for UNCCD, UK, pp. 28-32. ISBN 978-0-9956487-5-3 (Book Chapter)
Falk T, Kadiyala MDM, Gumma MK, Kumar S, Whitbread AM, Limberger S and Bartels L. (2018). Advancing knowledge on the costs and benefits of sustainable soil fertility management in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh /India. Project Report. ICRISAT.
Friedrichsen CN, Daroub SH, Monroe MC, Stepp JR and Wani SP. (2018). Mental Models of Soil Management for Food Security in Peri-Urban India. Urban Agriculture & Regional Food Systems, 3 (1). pp. 1-16. ISSN 2575-1220